Likewise => Koreans adopted Medicine from China. But Koreans developed TCM into their own medicine. 1) Transferred focus from [外因] to [內因] 2) Made a complete adaptation of Chinese medicinal materials
When Marco Polo first brought noodle to Italy from China, he would have never thought that it will gain such a popularity that this lean piece of wheat will spawn a whole new variety of dishes; pasta. Such examples are abound around the world; Americans took Japanes Sushi and turned it into California roll; Japanese turned Indian curry into 'Karae'. Everywhere around the world, people take what OTHERS like and transform it into something THEY want.
In Korea, this transformation wasn't just limited to food. Thousands of years ago, Koreans learned a lot from TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine), which eventually gave birth to KM (Korean Medicine) Nowadays, KM proudly stands as a major pillar of medical service in Korea. And it differs a lot from TCM, just like pasta is different from noodle. Although they may have same origin and sometimes even share some of the raw ingredients, the nuances and outlook differ quite a lot.
To be exact, there are 2 major differences. First, KM focuses on Inner Cause of disease while TCM focuses on Outer Cause of disease. In other words, Koreans consider lifestyle, personality, eating habits and etc to be the major pathogen. Of course, this doesn't mean that KM didn't acknowledge the presence of external pathogen. Rather, unlike TCM which considers external pathogen as the major cause, KM focused more on internal causes.
Second, KM differs from TCM in its use of medicinal materials. Sometimes, this can be seen when KM and TCM differ in its usage of same material. Other times, KM uses something totally different or even replace TCM material with others that can be grown or found in Korean peninsula.
So next time you go out to eat some pasta, always remember that it originates from noodle. It just tastes better. (To me at least)
- by Kim Hee Jun(Oriental Medical Doctor)